Penrith : Devonshire Street before 1908

Penrith

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 sigillum commune villae penreth = the common seal of the town of Penrith
Penrith : Devonshire Street before 1908

 

 

 

 

Penrith - Devonshire Street c.1890 (tinted)

 

This may be the earliest photograph of Devonshire Street. Certainly taken before 1893 (by the round lamps on the Musgrave memorial) and the only one looking south to King Street.

In the centre we see the building that pre-dated the Bank of Liverpool. Left of the clock tower we can read 'Watchmaker, Jeweller & Silversmith' and below 'Dealer of Sporting Tackle'.

The artist tinting the photograph has not been too careful with her paintbrush. Below is a monochrome version of the same view.

 

Penrith - Devonshire Street c.1890

 

 

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Penrith - the Market Place &  Devonshire Street c.1900

 

Again, one of the earliest photographs of the square and the only one to show the whole of the Thompson's Ironmonger building and view into Great Dockray.

Remarkable for being a wide angle view when wide angle lenses were unknown.  Taken with a rotating lens panoramic camera, most likely this Kodak:

 

Kodak Panoramic No4 camera used for the wide angle veiw of Devonshire Street Kodak Panoramic No4 cameras : price list

       Kodak Panoramic No.4 model D (1900 to 1926) which used 103 roll film producing 3 1/2 X 12 inch negatives and cost $20 ($2550 today, relative to unskilled wage).

(photo courtesy of the Imperial War Museum)

 

Below is the tinted version of the card in which we can see more of the scene at left, revealing that both are cropped out of a wider view:

 

tinted version : Penrith - the Market Place &  Devonshire Street c. 1900

 

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Penrith : Market Square (tinted)

 

Date unknown but, as with the previous pictures, the memorial lamps date it before the Friths 1893 photograph, below.

Also, the telegraph pole and cross-bars are not seen on the jeweller's roof, centre left. These are present on the Friths and subsequent pictures.

 

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Penrith Musgrave Memorial : detail of the Musgrave Memorial early type (pre-1890) of corner lamp standards                      Penrith Musgrave Memorial : detail of the Musgrave Memorial later(post1890?) type of corner lamp standards

 

The change gives us a dating threshold around 1890. Were the older lamps original when the memorial was erected in 1861?

 

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Penrith 1893 : Market Square (tinted) (Friths)

The Market Place, Musgrave Memorial and Devonshire Street 1893

(original photograph copyright Friths - date given on the Friths website)

Both the above pictures show the Market Place, Musgrave Memorial and Devonshire Street prior to 1908 when the Henry Thompson Furnishing & General Ironmonger moved to Castlegate and the building demolished to be replaced by the London City and Midland Bank, built in 1912-13.

 

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Penrith : the Cornmarket (tinted)

 

The Cornmarket before 1908 (the Thompson Ironmongers building is still there) but probably much earlier. If concurrent with the Devonshire Street shot then possibly before 1893.

 

 

Penrith : the Market Place, Musgrave memorial and Devonshire Street

 

Post-1893. Arnison's now has it's name in large script across the shop front.

 

Arnison's shop front (taken from Google Earth)       side of Arnison's shop looking towards the Market Square (taken from Google Earth)

Arnison's today.

 

Penrith : Musgrave Memorial and Devonshire Street (Reliable Series 2314)

 

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Penrith : Market Square (colour)

 

This picture reveals that the shop at right is an ironmongers - competition to Thompson's on the opposite corner. Women's dress suggests early 1900's.

 

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Penrith - Market Place (Brittain & wright 1680) Bank of Liverpool at left, woman cyclist

 

The bank was originally the Carlisle and Cumberland Bank, formed 1861. This merged with the Bank Of Liverpool Ltd 1911, which in turn joined with Martin's Bank in 1918.

So, the bank dates this to between 1911 & 1918. However, the woman cyclist's dress clearly suggests nearer 1911 or thereabouts.

 

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 Penrith : Devonshire Street before 1908

 

Devonshire Street and the Musgrave Memorial before 1908

 

Penrith : Devonshire Street before 1908 (colour tint)

 

Tinted version of the previous photograph. The original postcard had a white writing space down the right-hand side which allowed for the printing of the full negative height.

 

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Penrith c.1912  :  Devonshire Street and the Musgrave Memorial looking south to King Street

Abrahams' no.525  :  Devonshire Street and the Musgrave memorial looking south down King Street  :  probably c. 1912

(Bank of Liverpool dates it post-1911)

 

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Penrith c.1912  :  Devonshire Street and the Musgrave Memorial : woman with bicycle in foreground

 

Here we have two women wearing the long black skirt, white blouse and boater hat is so typical of women's dress of the period. Probably c.1912/13.

 

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Penrith - Devonshire Street and the Musgrave Memorial clock c.1911

 

Tuesday 29th July 1913. A rare photograph in that it can be precisely dated. The newly opened Midland Bank at left.

Remarkable also having both coach-&-horses as well as a motor coach in the same picture.

 

Penrith Musgrave Memorial : detail of sign giving date photograph taken

 

29th July was a Tuesday in 1902 and again in 1913. The Midland Bank, as well as the motor vehicles, confirm it as 1913.

 

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Penrith - Market Square and the Musgrave Memorial clock c.1911

 

The Market Square and the Musgrave Memorial clock c.1917

(the two women (centre) typical of war time dress c.1917)

 

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Devonshire Street c.1927 - crowd of men outside the Midland Bank

 

A wonderful shot with those two girls skipping across the square.

Of the bank : originally the Carlisle and Cumberland Bank, formed 1861. Merged with the Bank Of Liverpool Ltd 1911. Not known if the building was new in 1911 or how soon thereafter.

The hat and coat of the woman at left edge of picture suggests we're into the early 1920's now,

although the bank, the Bank of Liverpool, having joined with Martin's Bank in 1918, may date it a little earlier.

(i.e. it became 'The Bank of Liverpool and Martin's Limited' . It's not known if they changed the name on their buildings.)

 

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Devonshire Street c.1925 - open-topped cars

 

Probably the early 1920's and certainly before 1924 when the National Provincial Bank (which would replace the building at right edge of picture) was built.

Note the boy sweeping the pavement and the policeman standing in the middle of the road. Surely not directing traffic?

 

 

from the road beside The Bank of Liverpool : the Musgrave memorial and Devonshire Street c.1926

Before 1924  :  i.e. before the National Provincial Bank replaces the four storey building here seen between the white building and the Bank of Liverpool.

The memorial's corner lamps have again been changed. Once again there appears to be a policeman on duty in the middle of Devonshire Street.

 

 

Devonshire Street c.1927 - crowd of men outside the Midland Bank

1924 or thereafter.  Seen from the 1st floor window of the Family Grocers.

The four-storey building at right edge of the previous picture has now been replaced by the National Provincial Bank.

It is not known precisely when the National Provincial Bank building was built, only that the bank was formed in 1924.

(In 1918 National Provincial Bank of England merged with the important Union of London & Smiths Bank Ltd and was restyled National Provincial & Union Bank of England Ltd.
The bank’s name was shortened to National Provincial Bank Ltd in 1924, so giving us this dating watershed.)

Devonshire Street c.1930 - looking south down King Street

Now into the early 1930's. The rear-end styling of the car nearest Martin's Bank is typical of 1930's models. A new car, perhaps?

The four lamps at the corners of the memorial appear to have been replaced.

The Bank of Liverpool acquired Martin's Bank in 1918 becoming 'the Bank of Liverpool and Martin's Limited'.

However, when it merged with the Lancashire and Yorkshire Bank in 1928, they took the name Martins Bank (without the apostrophe). Since 1969 it has been Barclays Bank.

So:  the presence of Martins Bank is evidence that this photograph is post-1928.

 

Devonshire Street c.1930 - looking down from Arnison's window

 

c.1930 again  :  looking down from Arnison's 1st floor window. 

 

Graham's Family Grocers on the Market Place (as seen on Google Earth)

 

James and John Graham, 1880, Family Grocers. The building frontage remains unchanged to this day.

 

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1956 aerial view of Penrith - Devonshire Street & Town Hall ringed
 

Aerial view of Penrith 1956.

Devonshire Street, the Midland Bank and the Musgrave memorial circled in red  :  the Town Hall in blue

St Andrew's Church is prominent at centre right  :  the Cornmarket is at picture edge, centre left

 

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The Town Hall and the Black Angel

 

 

Penrith 1906 : the Town Hall (tinted)

 

The newly completed Town Hall, 1906

 

 

Penrith 1906 : the Boer War Memorial, houses behind, many children watching photographer                                           Penrith 1906 : the Boer War Memorial, Town Hall behind

 

The Boer War Memorial

The children (left) make this a favourite postcard of mine although, sadly, neither of these are in my possession.

 

Penrith 1st March 1906 : the unveiling of the Boer War Memorial

The unveiling 1st March 1906 

 

 

Penrith 1910 : the Boer War Memorial and Town Hall (tinted)

 

The Boer War Memorial and Town Hall 1910

(Known as the Black Angel, concerns about damage from traffic pollution saw it moved to Castle Park in 1964)

 


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(Note that the copyright status of many of these photographs is unknown other than that of the Abrahams' photographs for which copyright is jealously guarded by the Abrahams' estate.)

 

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